Jābir ibn Hayyān born in c. 721, AKA Abu Mūsā, nisbas al-Bariqi, al-Azdi, al-Kufi, al-Tusi or al-Sufi; also known by the Latinization Geber. Jabir was a polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geographer, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician. Considered by many as one of the greatest scientists in history and a genius on a multi scientific level. Jabir was born in the city Tus in Iran, he later traveled to Yemen and Iraq, he stayed in the city of Kufa in Iraq where he lived most of his life until his death in c. 721.
He has been described as "the father of early chemistry" and one of the men who immensely affected and contributed to the modern perfumery.
Jabir came up with many new techniques that made perfume easier to produce. He also developed techniques for evaporation, filtration, and distillation.
Perfume came to Europe via Andalusia or what is known now as Spain, as well as being brought by people returning from the Crusades carrying perfumes and oils from different Arabic and Islamic countries. That’s how perfumes started to come to Europe in the 11th century. Records from Pepperers Guild of London dating from the 12th century show that trade was carried out with the Muslims for perfume, as well as for other commodities.
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